Access to clean and safe water is becoming a problem all over the world. In fact, there is almost no city in the world can guarantee clean and safe water at the tap. That’s why it has become necessary for people to purify or filter their water before drinking. However, you might not need the expensive water filters. There are cheaper ways you can make water safe for drinking.
What Is Safe Water To Drink?
Safe water for drinking is water that is free of any harmful or diseases causing contaminants. That includes heavy metals such as lead, arsenic and other chemicals, bacterial causing infections, viruses, and parasitic protozoa, amongst others. That is what makes safe water, and the opposite makes unsafe water. Australian drinking water guidelines will help us understand better what’s safe and what’s not.
Tips To Make The Cheapest And Safest Drinking Water At Home
If you have a water contamination problem, there are many ways you can make it safe for drinking. Here are 10 ways you can go about it:
1. Filtration Using Ceramic filters
Ceramic filters are some of the most widespread methods to make the cheapest and safest water at home. There are many types of these filters, depending on the amount of water you want to filter. Some can hold between 9 to 10 litres of water. The water is made to pass through the filter from the top of the container to its storage point. The filtration process prevents bacteria and other parasitic protozoans from the water. However, it may not remove heavy metals and other dangerous chemicals.
2. Solar Distillation
This is one of the most effective, cheapest and safest water purification methods in households. It can purify salty, muddy or contaminated water through the evaporation process. Solar distillation is outstanding for its ability to clean even salter water. The solar panel can be made cheaply by using a clear glass or plastic to allow sunlight to pass through the water to be purified. As the water evaporates, it will condense when the vapour touches the cooler parts of the condensing channel.
3. Lifestraw Method
Lifestraw method also falls among the cheapest and safest ways of purifying drinking water. It consists of a tube with hollow fibres that stop the passage of bacteria when someone sucks water from the tube. The diametres of the hollow fibres are very thin, making them very effective in purifying water. Any bacteria or impurities that may be present in the water will remain trapped within the filters. The user then blows the tube, pushing out the bacteria and dirt.
4. Use Of Iodine
Iodine crystals, tablets or solution is very effective and cheap in purifying contaminated water. The tablets are readily available in local chemist shops. Iodine compounds kill bacteria by distorting the ionic balance within their cells. Use only recommended amounts of iodine as it can be extremely harmful to someone’s health when used large amounts. You must also be sure that you are buying a reputable brand for effective water treatment.
Chlorination is one of the oldest ways of purifying water safely and cheaply at home. It destroys germs and parasites in water. It is available locally in liquid or tablet form at the shops and supermarkets. Hot water is suitable to make the chlorine tablets dissolve faster in water. Once the tablets or solution are properly mixed with water, leave it to settle for some time, and it will be safe for consumption. however, it does not work for heavy metal contaminated water.
6. Use Of Ultraviolet Light
This method of purification of water tops the list of the safest, fastest and cheapest way of water treatment at home. The UV rays kill the bacteria by denaturing their DNA. The germs will be unable to multiply once you destroy their DNA. An advantage this method has over others is that it eliminates the bacteria and does not interfere with the taste or smell of the water. The cost that is required to set up the system is also very low.
The boiling method is one of the widely used ways of purifying water cheaply and safely. It is a very easy method to use in that you just need a container and heat to purify the water. Boiling helps to kill viruses, bacteria, and protozoa by exposing them to heat. Sometimes, the water can lose taste because of boiling. In such a scenario, add a little salt to make it give it taste. This ease of use is what makes the boiling water method popular with most households.
8. Straining Water Using Cloth
A clean piece of cloth can be used for filtering water at home. It is one of the safest and cheapest ways of purifying water for most households. Pour the water on a piece of cloth that filters impurities water as well as killing some germs. However, this method does not remove or kill pathogens completely. However, it great for removing large particles before using other sophisticated filtration processes.
9. Bamboo Charcoal
Bambo charcoal method uses carbon compounds in the filtration method. The porosity of charcoal gives a pathway through water flow leaving behind pathogens, impurities, and other solids. Besides, these charcoals have minerals that help towards the enrichment of the water. This kind of charcoal also greatly improves the taste of water. However, bamboo charcoal works more effectively when combined with gravel and pebbles.
10. Home-Made Filter
This type of water purification method is among the cheapest and safest ways of purifying water at home. Pop holes at the bottom of a plastic container. Place a cloth or grass that is clean and not poisonous. You can also add layer gravel to make it more effective. Fill the container with some sand to act as a filter of impurities present in the water. With this done, pour water through this home-made filter. What you get is clean and safe water.
If you are home and you are wondering how you can get clean and safe water for drinking, these some of the DIY tricks you can use. They are simple, and most of them wouldn’t cost you even a cent. However, we highly recommended that you go for what is available in your place. It is also essential to know the kind of impurities you are dealing with.